Updated: September, 2020 (2044 season)
This Constitution has been established to set clear rules and expectations that will create an enjoyable and realistic experience for league members.
Premise and EvolutionPreamble wrote: The Brewster Baseball Association (BBA, or “The Brewster”) is a fictional Out of the Park Baseball (OOTP) league. The Brewster is composed of a full baseball universe.
By agreeing to adhere to this Constitution, all members acknowledge certain responsibilities and agree to uphold them in an effort to make this playing experience as enjoyable as possible for everyone involved.
The Constitution will be changed and updated as needed. The Commissioner reserves the right to change any portion of this document at any time.
General Manager input on Constitutional changes is welcome at any time; however, these matters are determined by vote of the Governing Board or by the Commissioner. The Commissioner determines whether the proposed change is major enough to warrant a league wide vote.
CulturePremise and Evolution wrote: JANUARY 1973: “Businessman” Montgomery “Monty” Brewster, who has come into millions of dollars from a deceased uncle, forms the Society for the Preservation of the Baseball System, which then decides to launch a new Major League for baseball. The Montgomery Brewster Baseball Association was thereby formed.
The original incarnation of the league went strong from the 1973 season until the 1994 season. We do have all of the in-game history preserved for the most part, but also still have the CATO History available from 1973-1994.
In April of 2010, the MBBA was brought back to life with the 1995 season.
After the 2001 MBBA season, the decision was made to begin to add international leagues. The European Baseball Alliance (EBA), an eight team league, was the first league added. This changed the main name of our league to the Monty Brewster World Baseball Association (MBWBA).
After the 2028 season, the decision was made to expand the major leagues from 24 to 28 teams. With this, the decision was made to eliminate the EBA. The EBA players were put into a dispersal draft for the four new major league teams, and an Expansion Draft was held. Once complete, the new 28 team league was divided into four divisions of seven and was renamed: The Brewster Baseball Association (BBA). After the 2034 season, the league was expanded to 30 teams. After the 2039 season, the league was expanded to 32 teams with a new league and divisional realignment.
Beginning with the 2037 season, a new International League was established: The Unified Middle East Baseball Association (UMEBA), with eight teams. For the 2042 season, the UMEBA expanded to ten teams. For the 2043 season, the UMEBA expanded to twelve teams.
Governing BoardCulture wrote:The Brewster has a rich history and an active forum. Our GMs come from a variety of backgrounds, jobs, and locations; we all hold different interests, but we all share in participating in what we believe is one of the very best OOTP leagues and communities in existence. We feature some of the best analysis and writing in the world of OOTP baseball. The Brewster Forums are the gathering place where our members enjoy the experience of running a baseball franchise within a community of OOTP fans. Our GMs are competitive but also helpful. They are friendly but not without faults. We don’t always have the same opinion or viewpoint. Debates and disagreements are a part of life, and The Brewster is not different. However, members are expected to be courteous and respectful of others, and always treat others with the proper dignity no matter what disagreements may be involved. We welcome all newcomers to our community!
League Simulation ScheduleGoverning Board wrote: The Brewster is governed by a Governing Board of six people:
Commissioner: The Commissioner is the leader of the Governing Board. He will direct and work with Governing Board members to guide the overall vision of the league, and help The Brewster improve and flourish. The Commissioner will ensure, along with Governing Board members, that the best interests of the league are protected at all times. The Commissioner will cast the tie breaking vote on any league issues.
Vice Commissioner: The Vice Commissioner, along with the Commissioner, is responsible for ensuring that all things happen that make the league go: simulating the games, maintaining the league file, updating the home page, and monitoring the forums. He is always available to answer questions about the league.
League Advisor: The League Advisor works under the direction of the Commissioner to ensure that league members are informed, educated, and active in the community. The League Advisor provides guidance and perspective of the membership as a whole in helping the governing board arrive at decisions on issues germane to league functions.
League Director: The League Director works under the direction of the Commissioner to ensure that league members are informed, educated, and active in the community. The League Director is responsible for Participation Point tracking, new General Manager on-boarding and development, and monitoring/encouraging forum participation.
Public Relations Director/Historian: The Public Relations Director/Historian works under the direction of the Commissioner to market the league outside of our community and actively recruit new members. He also serves as the Historian, maintaining the Unified History document and the Hall of Fame, as well as developing ideas for historical features and working with all league members to bring them to fruition.
UMEBA Ambassador: The UMEBA Ambassador works under the direction of the Commissioner to ensure that UMEBA members are informed, educated, and active in the community. The UMEBA Ambassador is responsible for new General Manager on-boarding and development, monitoring and encouraging forum participation, and increasing awareness of the UMEBA both within our universe and outside of the Brewster universe.
Becoming a Brewster General ManagerLeague Simulation Schedule wrote: During the regular season, sims are to be completed following Export Deadline times designated by the BBA League Calendar (as modified by any additional posts on the fourm). “Export Deadlines” mean that GM exports should be made prior to that time. Simulations will be run that day at some point following the Export Deadline, to the best abilities of the Commissioner or Vice Commissioner. During the playoffs and off-season, the sim schedule may be increased to up to 6 sims per week. Alterations to the schedule will be announced in advance by the Commissioner to provide members ample time to prepare.
General Manager ResponsibilitiesBecoming a Brewster General Manager wrote:New Applicants to The Brewster are first assigned to the UMEBA. As UMEBA teams become available, the Commissioner will select the new GM for that team from the pool of New Applicants. The UMEBA is viewed as the “GM Developmental League” for the BBA, in which new members to The Brewster can become familiar with the culture and pace of the league without being thrown into the ultra-immersive BBA right away. As BBA teams become available, the Governing Board will traditionally choose the UMEBA GM that has been most the most active participant, contributing articles and features and participating in forum discussions. Key tools for becoming a Brewster General Manager include:
Exports and Roster RegulationsGeneral Manager Responsibilities wrote: The Brewster Baseball Association looks to provide members with the experience of running a real baseball organization. One of the most important aspects of creating that experience is that all teams have active and involved General Managers. We look to our General Managers to take their role seriously: checking the forums regularly, exporting, contributing to the league in various other ways made available to you, and replying promptly to Personal Messages and emails are all parts of creating this real-life experience. If you don’t enjoy these things, then this is not the proper league for you.
Once you’ve become a General Manager, there are several essential responsibilities involved in active participation in The Brewster:
Provide Regular Exports
Participate in BBA Community
- Maintain Legal Rosters
- Manage DFA and Disabled Lists
- Staff the Organization's Personnel
Further details of what these responsibilities entail are described in the sections below.
- Accumulate and Use Participation Points
- Participate in Mandatory Votes
- Respond Politely and Promptly to Trade Offers
- Be Unwilling to "Tank"
- Be Able to Update OOTP Versions As Needed
Participate in The Brewster CommunityExports wrote: Exporting is expected for all sims. It is the responsibility of members to ensure that they have exported in advance of a mandatory sim. An Online Export Tracker is available to assist members. The Commissioner or Vice Commissioner will also provide notification on the forums when a new league file is ready, immediately following each sim.
If a member fails to export three consecutive times without explanation, they should expect a Personal Message from a Governing Board member checking on their status. A timely response (24 hours seems reasonable) will be expected; failing that, the League Director will assume that that GM is no longer actively involved with the league and begin to take steps to transfer control of that team to a new GM.
Each export will conform to the following regulations:
1 - Active Roster: The active roster for all BBA and UMEBA teams will be 25-27 players.
Failure to meet these requirements will result in auto-assignment by the Commissioner or Vice Commissioner (which may not be to your liking) and a penalty of 2PP per player, per sim. Failure to comply with roster rules for three consecutive sims will result a fine of $5,000,000, to be taken from their bonus funds, if possible. Special considerations (such as a team egregiously affected by injury) will be ruled upon by the Commissioner.
2 - Active Roster (Minor Leagues): The active roster sizes for minor league levels are:
GMs are expected to have enough players in their minor leagues to field competitive teams.
- AAA & AA - no more than 27 players.
- A - no more than 30 players
- Short A & R - no more than 35 players
- INTERNATIONAL COMPLEX - Capped at 50 players
3 - Lineups/Rotation/Depth Charts: GMs will ensure these are properly filled for all major and minor league teams.
4 - Injured List (IL): GMs are expected to adjust for injuries as needed. Players who are out of action for a duration that exceeds that of a sim are expected to be put on a disabled list appropriate to the injury. Players must be removed from your DL within one sim of returning to full health and serving their minimum DL stint. Note that the number associated with each DL (7 or 60-day) represents the minimum time the player must remain there, not the maximum.Roster Notes:
- Position players may fill any position, with the understanding that if they aren’t “rated” at that position they probably won’t fare so well. As such, GM’s should acknowledge that in some cases, choosing to assign a player out of position may raise questions regarding adherence to anti-tanking rules.
- Similarly, pitchers with low stamina and only two pitches may start games, but are generally better suited to relief roles. As such, choosing to assign a player out of position may raise questions regarding adherence to anti-tanking rules.
- Players with a major-league contract must be placed on the 40-man roster or clear waivers before being assigned to the minors.
- Players with five or more years of major league service can refuse assignment to the minors and must clear irrevocable waivers.
- Players with no option years remaining must clear irrevocable waivers before being assigned to the minors.
- Some players will refuse assignment to the minors and must either remain in the major leagues, be traded, or provided their outright release.
5 - Designated for Assignment (DFA): Players that are newly acquired or waived are found in your DFA area. Players must be removed from DFA prior to their limit expiring. Options include: Assigning players to the active roster (prefaced by a placement on the 40-man), negotiating a trade, giving players their outright release, assigning players to a minor league roster.
If the sim is halted by OOTP because you have not resolved your player’s DFA status, the simmer will try to keep this player in your organization by:
A – Attempting, if there is room, to add the player to the 40-man and active rosters
B - Attempting, if there is room, to add the player to a minor league club
If no roster spots are available, the player will be released.
6 - Personnel: GMs are expected to keep all teams in their organization fully staffed while in season. Teams found to not have a full complement of personnel by Spring Training Sim #1 will be fined a penalty of 2PP per personnel member missing to be taken out of the team’s bonus funds, if possible. In addition, the simmer will hire personnel for them at this point.
Game SettingsParticipate in The Brewster Community wrote: Participation Point System
In order to ensure and reward an active, dynamic league of fully participating and involved GMs, the league utilizes a Participation Point (PP) System. The Brewster puts a great deal of value on creative writing submission from its members, as well as many other forms of participation. Members receive PPs for taking the time to better the league with their contributions. PPs can be exchanged for a variety of useful benefits and writing is the best way to earn them.
Every BBA General Manager is required to obtain a minimum of 20 Participation Points by the end of each season with at least 12 of those points coming from Team News. (Teams with less than 2 TN by the mid-season update will be subject to a 2-point penalty, and, in addition may be subject to removal by the Governing Board). To sustain a healthy, active league, the Governing Board works to ensure that all General Managers are contributing. Failure to earn your PPs by the stated deadline means you have given up your General Manager rights in the BBA. Those rights may be returned to you at the Governing Board’s discretion. If you are in your first or second continuous season in the BBA and you have not met minimums, chances are you will not be returned your General Manager rights.
There is currently no minimum Participation Point requirement for UMEBA General Managers, however participation is highly encouraged. UMEBA General Managers Participation Points may be carried over to the BBA in the event of promotion, and those totals weigh heavily in the Governing Board’s decisions of which UMEBA General Manager to promote to the BBA in the event of vacancies.
Key details of the Participation Point System can be found at the following links:
Trade Talk Interaction
Members are expected to respond politely to fellow GMs trade proposals (no matter how unrealistic you may find them to be). This can be as simple as saying, “I am not interested at this time.” Members are expected to respond to trade communications – however briefly – within two to three days of their receipt. If you have sent a communication to a fellow GM and received no response within this time frame, you may send a complaint to the Commissioner.
The act of tanking (purposefully attempting to lose games in the regular season to increase draft position) is very much frowned upon by the Governing Board and league as a whole. GMs are highly encouraged to ‘tread carefully’ in this matter. As such, when especially egregious or repeated tanking occurs, the commissioner reserves the right to levy penalties against the perpetrating GM at his discretion.
When a new version of OOTP is released, the Commissioner will determine a schedule for migration. This will not occur until a.) both the BBA and the UMEBA are in the off-season, and b.) the Commissioner has had time to determine the new version’s suitability. Once a schedule has been laid out, all Brewster members will be expected to purchase the new version in a timely fashion.
Basic Finances and General Management Rules:Game Settings wrote: Game Settings: Current OOTP Game Engine Settings
Stadium MaintenanceBasic Finances and General Management Rules wrote: Ticket Prices: Each GM may set his team’s ticket prices. These prices should remain within reason as defined as defensible in arriving at a positive attendance/revenue balance.
Salary Cap: $110M/Cash Maximum: $20M
The Salary Cap and Cash Maximum are established for the BBA at $110M and $20M; for the UMEBA at $55M and $10M, and apply from Opening Day of each season until the end of the Landis Memorial Series. There are situations in which OOTP does not manage these items properly, so they are also monitored outside the game by the Governing Board. If teams are found to be above the cap during a sim, they will be penalized by deduction from their Bonus Funds. The fine will be equal to the total amount they are over the cap divided by the total number of sims in a season, and multiplied by a factor of 5. This penalty will be continually applied each sim that the team exceeds the cap. (Note also, rules listed under the "Trade Restrictions and Qualifiers" section of this constitution.)
(BBA Only): Teams with cash over the $20M cash maximum will have the excess placed in is team’s Bonus Funds account. Funds in this account can be used for various purposes, such as to pay for Stadium Maintenance, to purchase Ballpark Construction, Renovation & Relocation awards, or to convert to cash on hand. Each team’s Bonus Funds account may not exceed $40M. Transactions moving Bonus Funds into a team's cash on hand account will be enacted by placing a forum note to the commissioner in the PPT forum.
National and local media contracts have been locked at a combined $60M for each team in the BBA. National contracts are also locked for UMEBA teams, but local contracts may vary.
Contract extensions are largely left to the OOTP AI to govern; however, it is advised from the league directorate that GMs use their ‘best judgment’ to provide realistic and fair offers to players. As such, the commissioner reserves the right to veto any extremely disingenuous deals for the good of the league.
One concrete contract rule strictly enforced is that any player with less than 5 years of ML service time will not be allowed to sign a contract extension of longer than 3 seasons. Additionally, any player with less than 5 years of ML service time may not be tendered an extension of longer than 3 seasons. Any contract found violating this rule will be nullified and will have to be renegotiated to fit within this rule. Teams that violate this rule will be penalized $10 million from their Bonus Funds.
Additionally, all contracts are limited to a maximum of six years in duration.
Amateur and Rule 5 Draft Order DeterminationStadium Maintenance Fees wrote: (BBA Only): Stadium Maintenance is an integral part of the league’s financial model. Stadiums must be properly maintained over time or they will become old and unappealing to fans. Therefore, each team will be required to pay annual fees based on the age, size, and features of its stadium. Payments are generally made from a team’s Bonus fund accounts, but may also come from cash on hand or exchange of PP as necessary.
Per annum fees are dependent on the age of your stadium.
Note that the bigger the stadium the harder it will be to maintain. As such, the pros and cons of added capacity for both the present and future should not be taken lightly. Maintenance costs will be adjusted by a maintenance factor as follows:
- 0-9 years old are free from expenses.
- 10-19 years old require a base 2.5M or 25 PP.
- 20-29 years old require a base 5M or 50 PP.
- 30-39 years old require a base 7.5M or 75 PP.
- 40-49 years old require a base 10M or 100 PP.
- 50 years or older require a base 15M or 150 PP.
Additional Maintenance fees:
- 30-35K seats have a maintenance factor of 0.8
- 35-40K seats have a maintenance factor of 0.9
- 40-45K seats have a maintenance factor of 0.95
- 45-50K seats have a maintenance factor of 1
- 50-55K seats have a maintenance factor of 1.05
- 55-60K seats have a maintenance factor of 1.1
- 60-65K seats have a maintenance factor of 1.2
At any time, if you would like to reduce these dues you may exercise the PP reward to build a new stadium and drop back maintenance to 0 for ten years. See the section on Ballpark Rewards for details.
- Grass –Grass stadiums cost a base $500,000/year to maintain.
- Artificial Turf – Artificial Turf is free to maintain each year.
- Permanent Roof – cost a base $500,000/year to maintain.
- Retractable Roof – cost a base $1,000,000/year to maintain.
Amateur DraftDraft Order Determination wrote: The BBA and the UMEBA hold two drafts, the Amateur Draft (aka Rookie Draft) and the Rule 5 draft. Participation in the Amateur Draft is mandatory. Participation in the Rule 5 Draft is optional. Each draft is described below.
For the BBA Amateur Draft, the draft order will be determined by a weighting of each team’s win total of the previous three seasons, with the just-completed season (Y1) consisting of 50% of the weight, the year before that (Y2) consisting of 30% of the weight and the year before that (Y3) consisting of 20%.
Draft Wins = (.5*Y1+.3*Y2+.2*Y3)
For example, a team whose wins total for the three most recently completed years, starting with the most recent, were 67, 81, and 74, that team’s weighted win total for draft-ranking purposes in all three upcoming drafts is 72.6 (.5*67 + .3*81 + .2*74). At the end of each season, each team’s three-season weighted win total is recalculated.
All drafts will be in “straight” (non-serpentine) order, with teams picking in the same slot each round.
EXPANSION YEAR EXCEPTION: In seasons where expansion teams are involved, the expansion teams will draft in their initial year of existence, and then will be slotted based on their average wins/season for years two and three. Afterward, their slotting is calculated in standard form.
Rule 5 DraftAmateur Draft wrote: The BBA First Year Player Draft (the “Amateur Draft”) will be held on June 5 of each season. It will be 20 rounds in length. Amateur drafts will be managed via StatsPlus. The Draft is revealed in-game at least 75 days before the draft and the draft will begin in StatsPlus shortly after that point. Supplemental picks will not be issued after the draft starts in StatsPlus.
The UMEBA First Year Player Draft (the “Amateur Draft”) will be held on June 5 of each season. It will be 15 rounds in length. Amateur drafts will be managed via StatsPlus. The Draft is revealed in-game at least 75 days before the draft and the draft will begin in StatsPlus shortly after that point. Supplemental picks will not be issued after the draft starts in StatsPlus.
Amateur Draft participation is mandatory. All GMs are encouraged to create draft lists within StatsPlus even if they plan to drafting within an announced time window.
After the conclusion of the draft, teams must negotiate and sign their draft choices within OOTP. If you fail to sign a player in the draft’s first three rounds, you will receive a draft pick in the next draft equal to that position. These supplemental draft picks must be signed that year. If not, a subsequent supplemental pick will not be issued for the next draft.
Order for these supplemental rounds is based upon the same order used in the other rounds of the amateur draft. If a team has more than 1 compensation pick due to them in either the 1st or 2nd Supplemental Round then their 2nd pick will not take place until the end of the original order is exhausted once. If a compensation eligible player is not signed by the start of the amateur draft in StatsPlus then that player will lose his compensation association.Free Agent Compensation Picks
Compensation for BBA lost Free Agents will be provided to the player’s former team in the form of supplemental draft picks. Teams that lose a Type A Free Agent will receive a selection in the 1st supplemental round of the amateur draft (between the 1st and 2nd rounds). Teams who lose a Type B Free Agent will receive a selection in the 2nd supplemental round (between the 2nd and 3rd rounds). These designations will be based solely upon the WAR totals for said players from the immediately preceding season.
Note: Players who failed to meet vesting requirements or who were willfully declined team options will NOT be granted compensation eligibility regardless of whether or not they meet the threshold. Players who willfully decline their player options will be, though.
Players will be ranked by WAR in three groups: All Position Players, SP, and RP
- Type A Designation:
- Type B Designation:
- SP Free Agent in the top 14%
- Position players in the Top 14%
For purposes of Type designation, a SP is defined as a pitcher who threw twice as many starts as relief appearances in the immediately preceding season.
- SP Free Agent in the top 15-32%
- Position players in the Top 15-32%
- RP Free Agent in the top 20%
Trade Restrictions and Qualifiers:Rule 5 Draft wrote:The BBA and the UMEBA will hold a Rule 5 draft at the Winter Meetings of each season. Each round, teams will have the option of either making a pick (if they have an available active and secondary roster slot) or passing. The Rule 5 Draft will end when all teams have passed in a round. The Rule 5 Draft will be handled using the in-game export. There are 10 rounds in the Rule 5 draft. Please bear in mind that players who appear to be available for the Rule 5 draft in-game may become unavailable if their teams add them to their 40-man roster on the import before the Rule 5 sim. Teams can only select players if they have an open positions on their 27 and 40 man rosters.
If chosen in the Rule 5 draft, a player must be kept on the selecting team’s 27-man major league roster for the entire season after the draft—he may not be optioned or designated to the minors. The selecting team may, at any time, release the Rule 5 draftee to return him to his former team in-game AND ALSO post this in the Ping: Commish Forum along with further instructions, if necessary, to replace said player on their roster. Once a Rule 5 draftee spends an entire season on his new team’s 27-man roster, his status reverts to normal and he may be optioned or designated for assignment.
To prevent the abuse of the Rule 5 draft, the rule also states that the draftee must be active for at least 90 days. This keeps teams from drafting players, then placing them on the disabled list for the majority of the season. For example, if a Rule 5 draftee was active for only 67 days in his first season with his new club, he must be active for an additional 23 games in his second season to satisfy the Rule 5 requirements.
In addition, Rule 5 picks cannot be sold or traded to any team in order to circumvent Rule 5 restrictions.
Any player chosen in the Rule 5 draft may, however, be traded to any team while under the Rule 5 restrictions, but the restrictions transfer to the new team. If the new team does not want to keep the player on its 27-man roster for the season, it must offer the player back to his original team before he was chosen in the draft.
The league uses guidelines inherent in OOTP to determine Rule 5 eligibility. As a general rule, players eligible for selection in the Rule 5 draft are players who are not on their Major League organization’s 40-man roster and:
These players are designated in game in your team’s “Transactions” screen by a “#” mark beside their name. Players marked with the “#” symbol are Rule 5 eligible unless they are added to the 40-man roster.
- were signed at age 19 or older and have been in the organization for three years; or
- were signed at age 18 or younger and have been in the organization for four years; or
- have special designation in OOTP for some reason.
StatsPlusTrade Restrictions and Qualifiers wrote: Within these restrictions and qualifiers, a GM may trade any player under their control. Cash on hand is a viable trade commodity. The practice of salary retention is also accepted.
Other Restrictions and Qualifiers:
- No player may be traded within 90 days of signing a major league contract, or within 30 days of signing a minor league contract.
- Free agents signed to off-season major league contracts may not be traded until June 1st during the upcoming season.
- No Player to Be Named Later (PTBNL) may be included in a trade.
- Trades that include more than five players may need to be split into multiple transactions as needed to implement them in game.
Once a trade has been agreed to, notification of the agreement should be posted in the Completed Trades Forum. One of the involved parties should post a list of exactly what each team is receiving. Please hyperlink players’ names to their HTML player pages. Minor leaguers should have their current level noted. The second party must then confirm the trade. Both GMs may include simple instructions on where to assign acquired players in advance of the upcoming simulated games (please keep these brief to keep the workload reasonable). Use this guide to ensure proper trade post protocol.
- Amateur Draft Picks are not allowed to be traded.
- Rule 5 Draft Picks are not allowed to be traded.
- Participation Points are not allowed to be traded.
- Cash: Both cash on hand and bonus cash can be traded.
- Contracts: It is the responsibility of GMs to police themselves regarding contracts acquired via trades. Teams that exceed the Salary Cap due to a trade will be notified of the violation and have one sim to adjust or the Commissioner will make a move that will get the team under the Salary Cap.
- Trade Deadline: The BBA and UMEBA Trade Deadline shall be no later than August 21.
- There will be no Waiver Trades past the trade deadline.
Also, after a trade is posted, GMs are generally expected to enter the trade in their game so it is included in the export they submit for the next sim if possible.
Due to constraints within OOTP, trades involving more than two GMs must be executed as a series of two-team trades. Each of these must be posted with a header that indicates both that they are part of a multi-team trade and the order in which they should be processed.
Trade Protests: If a General Manager wishes to protest a trade as collusion or extremely lopsided, he must notify the Commissioner. If the complaint is valid the Governing Board will make a ruling on the trade. All such rulings are final and will be accompanied with an explanation. Public complaints of trades will not be tolerated.
CreditsStatsPlus wrote: StatsPlus is a stand-alone utility using data files from our league file that creates a much richer interactive experience for online play, giving you access to a wealth of information and utilities without having to have game access (great for the 9-5 work GM!). We use StatsPlus for our Draft and Awards voting currently.
credits wrote: Thanks go out to Global Baseball Consortium, American Baseball Association, Other Reality Baseball 2, Federation of International Baseball, Global Unified Baseball Association, Planetary Extreme Baseball Alliance and any others that inspired this document or were used as a model for differing sections.